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WARFSA Research

This page aim to provide some indication on the use of research articles. Researchers often publish articles in peer-reviewed journals, from where the article can be accessed. With the growth in social media, other internet platforms also communicate the research papers. One way of tracking such use, is through altmetrics.

This page lists research articles which resulted from the WARFSA Phase I and II Programme. WARFSA funded 78 research projects, and produced no less than 231 research outputs. Of these, 86 were scientific articles published in peer-reviewed journals. 

By making use of third party altmetric tools, the broader use of the 86 research articles are indicated. We use two altmetric platforms, being Almetric.com and Plum Analytics. Click on the links at each article to find out more about the use of the articles. You can also click on the article name to access Google Scholar, from where you can access the article on the journal website.


1. Title: Appropriate deflouridation technology for use in flourotic areas in Tanzania. Mjengera, H; Mkongo, G, (2003)
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2. Title: Potential of rainwater harvesting in urban Zambia. Handia, L; Tembo, JM; Mwiindwa, C, (2003)
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3. Title: Factor analysis as a tool in groundwater quality management: two southern African case studies. Love, D; Hallbauer, D; Amos, A; Hranova, R, (2004)
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4. Title: Active biomonitoring in freshwater environments: early warning signals from biomarkers in assessing biological effects of diffuse sources of pollutants. Wepener, V; van Vuren, JHJ; Chatiza, FP; Mbizi, Z; Slabbert, L; Masola, B, (2005)
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5. Title: Cumulative effects of sewage sludge and effluent mixture application on soil properties of a sandy soil under a mixture of star and kikuyu grasses in Zimbabwe. Madyiwa, S; Chimbari, M; Nyuamangara, J; Bangira, C, (2002)
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6. Title: Assessment of groundwater quality in shallow wells within the southern districts of Malawi. Pritchard, M.; Mkandawire, T.; O’Neill, J. G., (2008)
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7. Title: Prevalence of Clostridium difficile in the environment in a rural community in Zimbabwe. Simango, Clifford, (2006)
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8. Title: Biological, chemical and physical drinking water quality from shallow wells in Malawi: Case study of Blantyre, Chiradzulu and Mulanje. Pritchard, M.; Mkandawire, T.; O’Neill, J. G., (2007)
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9. Title: Potential of using plant extracts for purification of shallow well water in Malawi. Pritchard, M.; Mkandawire, T.; Edmondson, A.; O’Neill, J. G.; Kululanga, G., (2009)
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10. Title: Long-term variations of annual flows of the Okavango and Zambezi Rivers. Mazvimavi, Dominic; Wolski, Piotr, (2006)
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11. Title: Public participation in integrated water resources management: the case of Tanzania. Dungumaro, EW; Madulu, NF, (2003)
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12. Title: Indigenous knowledge as decision support tool in rainwater harvesting. Mbilinyi, BP; Tumbo, SD; Mahoo, HF; Senkondo, EM; Hatibu, N, (2005)
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13. Title: Livelihoods in the wetlands of Kilombero Valley in Tanzania: Opportunities and challenges to integrated water resource management. Kangalawe, RYM; Liwenga, ET, (2005)
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14. Title: Prediction of flow characteristics using multiple regression and neural networks: A case study in Zimbabwe. Mazvimavi, D; Meijerink, AMJ; Savenije, HHG; Stein, A, (2005)
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15. Title: Quality of groundwater from shallow wells of selected villages in Blantyre District, Malawi. Mkandawire, T., (2008)
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16. Title: Rainwater harvesting for sustainable agriculture in communal lands of Zimbabwe. Motsi, KE; Chuma, E; Mukamuri, BB, (2004)
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17. Title: A comparison between Moringa oleifera and chemical coagulants in the purification of drinking water – An alternative sustainable solution for developing countries. Pritchard, M.; Craven, T.; Mkandawire, T.; Edmondson, A. S.; O’Neill, J. G., (2010)
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18. Title: GIS-based decision support system for identifying potential sites for rainwater harvesting. Mbilinyi, B. P.; Tumbo, S. D.; Mahoo, H. F.; Mkiramwinyi, F. O., (2007)
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19. Title: An assessment of the effect of human faeces and urine on maize production and water productivity. Guzha, E; Nhapi, I; Rockstrom, J, (2005)
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20. Title: Characterization of arsenic occurrence in the water and sediments of the Okavango Delta, NW Botswana. Huntsman-Mapila, P.; Mapila, T.; Letshwenyo, M.; Wolski, P.; Hemond, C., (2006)
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21. Title: The use of cestode parasites from the largemouth yellowfish, Labeobarbus kimberleyensis (Gilchrist and Thompson, 1913) in the Vaal Dam, South Africa as indicators of heavy metal bioaccumulation. Retief, N. -R.; Avenant-Oldewage, A.; du Preez, H., (2006)
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22. Title: An overview of industrial wastewater treatment and analysis as means of preventing pollution of surface and underground water bodies – the case of Nkana Mine in Zambia. Ntengwe, FW, (2005)
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23. Title: Evaluation of the impact of climate change on hydrology and water resources in Swaziland: Part I. Matondo, JI; Peter, G; Msibi, KM, (2004)
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24. Title: The relationship between fog, floods, groundwater and tree growth along the lower Kuiseb River in the hyperarid Namib. Schachtschneider, Klaudia; February, Edmund C., (2010)
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25. Title: Seasonal study on Bothriocephalus as indicator of metal pollution in yellowfish, South Africa. Retief, N-R; Avenant-Oldewage, A.; du Preez, H. H., (2009)
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26. Title: Pollutant loads and water quality in streams of heavily populated and industrialised towns. Ntengwe, F. W., (2006)
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27. Title: Patterns of domestic water use in rural areas of Zimbabwe, gender roles and realities. Makoni, FS; Manase, G; Ndamba, J, (2004)
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28. Title: Effects of selected dams on river flows of Insiza River, Zimbabwe. Onema, Jean-Marie Kileshye; Mazvimavi, Dominic; Love, David; Mul, Marloes L., (2006)
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29. Title: A study of the parameters affecting the effectiveness of Moringa oleifera in drinking water purification. Pritchard, M.; Craven, T.; Mkandawire, T.; Edmondson, A. S.; O’Neill, J. G., (2010)
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30. Title: An assessment of the public health hazard potential of wastewater reuse for crop production. A case of Bulawayo city, Zimbabwe. Mutengu, Sherman; Hoko, Zvikomborero; Makoni, Fungai. S., (2007)
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31. Title: Mainstreaming gender in integrated water resources management: the case of Zimbabwe. Manase, G; Ndamba, J; Makoni, F, (2003)
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32. Title: Linking poverty levels to water resource use and conflicts in rural Tanzania. Madulu, NF, (2003)
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33. Title: Managing water under climate change for peace and prosperity in Swaziland. Matondo, JI; Peter, G; Msibi, KM, (2005)
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34. Title: Evaluation of the impact of climate change on hydrology and water resources in Swaziland: Part II. Matondo, JI; Peter, G; Msibi, KM, (2004)
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35. Title: Estimating and interpreting hydrological drought indices using a selected catchment in Zimbabwe. Nyabeze, WR, (2004)
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36. Title: Observations on limnological conditions associated with a fish kill of Oreochromis niloticus in Lake Chivero following collapse of an algal bloom. Mhlanga, L; Day, J; Chimbari, M; Siziba, N; Cronberg, G, (2006)
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37. Title: Pressure management as a leakage reduction and water demand management tool: The case of the City of Mutare, Zimbabwe. Marunga, Antony; Hoko, Zvikomborero; Kaseke, Evans, (2006)
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38. Title: Preliminary estimate of environmental flow requirements of the Rusape River, Zimbabwe. Love, Faith; Madamombe, Elisha; Marshall, Brian; Kaseke, Evans, (2006)
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39. Title: The impact of consumer awareness of water sector issues on willingness to pay and cost recovery in Zambia. Ntengwe, FW, (2004)
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40. Title: Incorporating customary laws in implementation of IWRM: some insights from Rufiji River Basin, Tanzania. Maganga, FP, (2003)
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41. Title: On cestode and digenean parasites of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) from the Rietviel Dam, South Africa. Barson, M.; Avenant-Oldewage, A., (2006)
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42. Title: Ecological aspects of the occurrence of asian tapeworm, Bothriocephalus acheilognathi Yamaguti, 1934 infection in the largemouth yellowfish, Labeobarbus kimberleyensis (Gilchrist and Thompson, 1913) in the Vaal Dam, South Africa. Retief, N-R; Avenant-Oldewage, A.; du Preez, H. H., (2007)
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43. Title: Pesticide/herbicide pollutants in the Kafue river and a preliminary investigation into their biological effect through catalase levels in fish. Syakalima, Michelo; Choongo, Kennedy; Mwenechanya, Roy; Wepener, Victor; Yamasaki, Masahiro; Maede, Yoshimitsu, (2006)
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44. Title: Management of water for irrigation agriculture in semi-arid areas: Problems and prospects. Mvungi, A; Mashauri, D; Madulu, NF, (2005)
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45. Title: Implications of customary norms and laws for implementing IWRM: findings from Pangani and Rufiji basins, Tanzania. Maganga, FP; Kiwasila, HL; Juma, IH; Butterworth, JA, (2004)
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46. Title: Greenhouse studies on the phyto-extraction capacity of Cynodon nlemfuensis for lead and cadmium under irrigation with treated wastewater. Madyiwa, S; Chimbari, MJ; Schutte, CF; Nyamangara, J, (2003)
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47. Title: Access to water in gazetted and ungazetted rural settlements in Ngamiland, Botswana. Mazvimavi, Dominic; Mmopelwa, Gagoitseope, (2006)
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48. Title: Management of water for irrigation agriculture in semi-arid areas: Problems and prospects. Mvungi, A; Mashauri, D; Madulu, NF, (2005)
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49. Title: Effects of sediment contamination by artisanal gold mining on Chironomus riparius in Mabubi River, Tanzania. Chibunda, R. T.; Pereka, A. E.; Tungaraza, C., (2008)
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50. Title: Socio-economic impacts of irrigated agriculture in Mbarali District of south-west Tanzania. Mwakalila, Shadrack, (2006)
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51. Title: Water resource use in the Great Ruaha Basin of Tanzania. Mwakalila, S, (2005)
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52. Title: Estimating and interpreting hydrological drought indices using a selected catchment in Zimbabwe. Nyabeze, WR, (2004)
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53. Title: Calibrating a distributed model to estimate runoff for ungauged catchments in Zimbabwe. Nyabeze, WR, (2005)
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54. Title: Lead and cadmium interactions in Cynodon nlemfuensis and sandy soil subjected to treated wastewater application under greenhouse conditions. Madyiwa, S; Chimbari, MJ; Schutte, F, (2004)
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55. Title: Sustainable water management in smallholder irrigation schemes: Understanding the impact of field water management on maize productivity on two irrigation schemes in Zimbabwe. Samakande, I; Senzanje, A; Manzungu, E, (2004)
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56. Title: Status of water governance in urban areas in Zimbabwe: some preliminary observations from the city of Harare. Manzungu, E; Mabiza, C, (2004)
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57. Title: The relationship between regional stress field, fracture orientation and depth of weathering and implications for groundwater prospecting in crystalline rocks. Owen, Richard; Maziti, Abel; Dahlin, Torleif, (2007)
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58. Title: Epiphytic diatoms associated with a submerged macrophyte, Vallisneria aethiopica, in the shallow marginal areas of Sanyati Basin (Lake Kariba): a preliminary assessment of their use as biomonitoring tools. Phiri, C.; Day, J.; Chimbari, M.; Dhlomo, E., (2007)
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59. Title: Impact of Prosopis invasion on a keystone tree species in the Kalahari Desert. Schachtschneider, Klaudia; February, Edmund C., (2013)
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60. Title: Comparison of measured changes in seasonal soil water content by rainfed maize-bean intercrop and component cropping systems in a semi-arid region of southern Africa. Ogindo, HO; Walker, S, (2005)
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61. Title: An evaluation of rural communities’ water use patterns and preparedness to manage domestic water sources in Zimbabwe. Machingambi, M; Manzungu, E, (2003)
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62. Title: Challenges of communicating integrated water resource management in Zimbabwe. Marimbe, S; Manzungu, E, (2003)
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63. Title: Water resource management and biodiversity conservation in the Eastern Rift Valley Lakes, Northern Tanzania. Yanda, PZ; Madulu, NF, (2005)
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64. Title: Coefficient of condition in relation to copper levels in muscle of serranochromis fish and sediment from the Kafue River, Zambia. Choongo, KC; Syakalima, MS; Mwase, M, (2005)
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65. Title: Building new WDM regulations for the Namibian tourism sector on factors influencing current water-management practices at the enterprise level. Schachtschneider, K, (2002)
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66. Title: Control of aquatic weeds through pollutant reduction and weed utilization: a weed management approach in the lower Kafue River of Zambia. Sinkala, T; Mwase, ET; Mwala, M, (2002)
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67. Title: Determining parameter reliability levels in a digital information system for monitoring and managing hydrological droughts. Nyabeze, WR, (2002)
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68. Title: Determining parameter reliability levels in a digital information system for monitoring and managing hydrological droughts. Nyabeze, WR, (2002)
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69. Title: Mainstreaming wastewater through water accounting: The example of Botswana. Arntzen, Jaap W.; Setlhogile, Tshepo, (2007)
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70. Title: Development of an integrated water resources management plan for the Lake Manyara sub-basin, Northern Tanzania. Ngana, JO; Mwalyosi, RBB; Madulu, NF; Yanda, PZ, (2003)
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71. Title: Environment, poverty and health linkages in the Wami River basin: A search for sustainable water resource management. Madulu, NF, (2005)
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72. Title: An analysis of water consumption and prospects for implementing water demand management at household level in the City of Harare, Zimbabwe. Manzungu, E; Machiridza, R, (2005)
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73. Title: How community action, science and common sense can work together to develop an alternative way to combat desertification. Bethune, S; Schachtschneider, K, (2004)
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74. Title: The mechanism of Microcystis aeruginosa death upon exposure to Bacillus mycoides. Gumbo, J. R.; Cloete, T. E., (2011)
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75. Title: An analysis of water consumption and prospects for implementing water demand management at household level in the City of Harare, Zimbabwe. Manzungu, E; Machiridza, R, (2005)
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76. Title: Aquatic insects associated with two morphologically different submerged macrophytes, Lagarosiphon ilicifolius and Vallisneria aethiopica, in small fishless ponds. Phiri, Crispen; Chakona, Albert; Day, Jenny A., (2011)
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77. Title: Nematode parasites of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) from the Rietvlei Dam, South Africa. Barson, M.; Avenant-Oldewage, A., (2006)
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78. Title: Macroinvertebrates associated with two submerged macrophytes, Lagarosiphon ilicifolius and Vallisneria aethiopica, in the Sanyati Basin, Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe: effect of plant morphological complexity. Phiri, C.; Chakona, A.; Day, J. A., (2012)
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79. Title: Modification of a rainfall-runoff model for distributed modeling in a GIS and its validation. Nyabeze, WR, (2003)
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80. Title: Water resource availability in three catchments of Swaziland under expected climate change. Matondo, Jonathan I.; Msibi, Kenneth M., (2006)
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81. Title: An analysis of institutions associated with wetlands use, access and management in communal areas of Zimbabwe: A case study of Zungwi vlei, Zvishavane. Mbereko, Alexio; Chimbari, Moses John; Mukamuri, Billy B., (2007)
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82. Title: Modification of a rainfall-runoff model for distributed modeling in a GIS and its validation. Nyabeze, WR, (2003)
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83. Title: Designing a domestic water supply system – The perspective and considerations as a challenge to engineer’s consumers. Ntengwe, FW, (2005)
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84. Title: Strategic development plan for integrated water resources management in Lake Manyara sub-basin, North-Eastern Tanzania. Ngana, JO; Mwalyosi, RBB; Yanda, P; Madulu, NF, (2004)
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85. Title: Introduction – Water resources: re-discovering the water cycle. Nyabeze, WR, (2002)
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86. Title: Riparian trees as common denominators across the river flow spectrum: are ecophysiological methods useful tools in environmental flow assessments.. Schachtschneider, Klaudia; Reinecke, Karl, (2014)
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