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World hunger again on the rise, driven by conflict and climate change, new UN report says

Key numbers

Hunger and food security

  • Overall number of hungry people in the world: 815 million, including:
    • In Asia: 520 million
    • In Africa: 243 million
    • In Latin America and the Caribbean: 42 million
  • Share of the global population who are hungry: 11%
    • Asia: 11.7%
    • Africa: 20% (in eastern Africa, 33.9%)
    • Latin America and the Caribbean: 6.6%

Malnutrition in all its forms

  • Number of children under 5 years of age who suffer from stunted growth (height too low for their age): 155 million
    • Number of those living in countries affected by varying levels of conflict: 122 million
  • Children under 5 affected by wasting (weight too low given their height): 52 million
  • Number of adults who are obese: 641 million (13% of all adults on the planet)
  • Children under 5 who are overweight: 41 million
  • Number of women of reproductive age affected by anaemia: 613 million (around 33% of the total)

The impact of conflict

  • Number of the 815 million hungry people on the planet who live in countries affected by conflict: 489 million
  • The prevalence of hunger in countries affected by conflict is 1.4 – 4.4 percentage points higher than in other countries
  • In conflict settings compounded by conditions of institutional and environmental fragility, the prevalence is 11 and 18 percentage points higher
  • People living in countries affected by protracted crises are nearly 2.5 times more likely to be undernourished than people elsewhere

Note to editors

This is the first time that UNICEF and WHO join FAO, IFAD and WFP in preparing The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report. This change reflects the SDG agenda’s broader view on hunger and all forms of malnutrition. The UN Decade of Action on Nutrition, established by the General Assembly, is lending focus to this effort by motivating governments to set goals and invest in measures to address the multiple dimensions of malnutrition.

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017 has been re-geared for the SDG era and includes enhanced metrics for quantifying and assessing hunger, including two indicators on food insecurity and six indicators on nutrition.

The heads of agencies issuing today’s report are: José Graziano da Silva, Director-General of FAO; Gilbert F. Houngbo, President of IFAD; Anthony Lake, Executive Director of UNICEF; David Beasley, Executive Director of WFP; Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO.\n

 

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World hunger again on the rise, driven by conflict and climate change, new UN report says
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Emergencies and disasters
Latest news and updates on public health emergencies around the world

Partners commit to reduce cholera deaths by 90% by 2030

An ambitious new strategy to reduce deaths from cholera by 90% by 2030 will be launched tomorrow by the Global Task Force on Cholera Control (GTFCC), a diverse network of more than 50 UN and international agencies, academic institutions, and NGOs that supports countries affected by the disease.

Cholera kills an estimated 95 000 people and affects 2.9 million more every year. Urgent action is needed to protect communities, prevent transmission and control outbreaks.

The GTFCC’s new plan, Ending Cholera: A Global Roadmap to 2030, recognizes that cholera spreads in endemic “hotspots” where predictable outbreaks of the disease occur year after year.

The Global Roadmap aims to align resources, share best practice and strengthen partnerships between affected countries, donors and international agencies. It underscores the need for a coordinated approach to cholera control with country-level planning for early detection and response to outbreaks. By implementing the Roadmap, up to 20 affected countries could eliminate cholera by 2030.

“WHO is proud to be part of this new joint initiative to stop deaths from cholera. The disease takes its greatest toll on the poor and the vulnerable – this is quite unacceptable. This roadmap is the best way we have to bring this to an end,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO.

“Every death from cholera is preventable with the tools available today, including use of the Oral Cholera Vaccine and improved access to basic safe water, sanitation and hygiene as set out in the Roadmap,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Gebreyesus. “This is a disease of inequity that affects the poorest and most vulnerable. It is unacceptable that nearly two decades into the 21st century, cholera continues to destroy livelihoods and cripple economies. We must act together. And we must act now.”

Advances in the provision of water sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services have made Europe and North America cholera-free for several decades. Today, although access to WASH is recognized as a basic human right by the United Nations, over 2 billion people worldwide still lack access to safe water and are potentially at risk of cholera. Weak health systems and low early detection capacity further contribute to the rapid spread of outbreaks.

Cholera disproportionally impacts communities already burdened by conflict, lack of infrastructure, poor health systems, and malnutrition. Protecting these communities before cholera strikes is significantly more cost-effective than continually responding to outbreaks.

The introduction of the oral cholera vaccine has been a game-changer in the battle to control cholera, bridging the gap between emergency response and longer-term control. Two WHO-approved oral cholera vaccines are now available and individuals can be fully vaccinated for just US$6 per person, protecting them from the disease for up to three years.

The Global Roadmap provides an effective mechanism to synchronize the efforts of countries, donors, and technical partners. It underscores the need for a multi-sectoral approach to cholera control with country-level planning for early detection and response to outbreaks.

By strengthening WASH in endemic “hotspots”, cholera outbreaks can be prevented. By detecting cholera outbreaks early, and responding immediately, large-scale uncontrolled outbreaks like the one observed in Yemen can be avoided – even in crisis situations.

Note to editors

The Global Task Force on Cholera Control (GTFCC) is a network of more than 50 organizations bringing together partners involved in the fight against cholera across all sectors and providing a strong framework to support countries in intensifying efforts to control cholera.

The Launch of the Global Roadmap is supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Fondation Mérieux and WaterAid.

 

This articles is externally sourced from the WHO:

Partners commit to reduce cholera deaths by 90% by 2030
http://www.who.int/entity/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/partners-reduce-cholera/en/index.html
https://www.who.int/feeds/entity/hac/en/rss.xml
Emergencies and disasters
Latest news and updates on public health emergencies around the world

WHO provides 1.2 million antibiotics to fight plague in Madagascar

“Plague is curable if detected in time. Our teams are working to ensure that everyone at risk has access to protection and treatment. The faster we move, the more lives we save,” said Dr. Charlotte Ndiaye, WHO Representative in Madagascar.

This articles is externally sourced from the WHO:

WHO provides 1.2 million antibiotics to fight plague in Madagascar

http://www.who.int/entity/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/antibiotics-plague-madagascar/en/index.html
https://www.who.int/feeds/entity/hac/en/rss.xml
Emergencies and disasters
Latest news and updates on public health emergencies around the world

WHO supports the immunization of 874 000 people against yellow fever in Nigeria

The ten-day campaign began on Friday, 13 October 2017, and mobilizes more than 200 health workers and volunteers. It targets residents aged 9 months to 45 years old.

“This campaign aims to ensure that people living in high-risk areas are protected from yellow fever, and to prevent the disease from spreading to other parts of the country,” said Dr. Wondimagegnehu Alemu, WHO Nigeria Representative.

WHO has been working with health authorities on its implementation in nine local government areas in Kwara State and two in Kogi State.

Nigeria has requested support from the International Coordination Group (ICG) on vaccine provision for yellow fever. A global stockpile of 6 million doses of the yellow fever vaccine is available for countries to access, with the support of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.

WHO and health partners have been supporting the Government’s response to the outbreak since the first case of yellow fever was confirmed in Oke Owa Community, Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara state on 12 September.

WHO has deployed experts to Nigeria to support surveillance and investigation, lab testing, public health measures, and engagement with at-risk communities. An Emergency Operations Centre has been activated in the area to coordinate the response.

The last yellow fever outbreak in Nigeria was reported in 2002, with 20 cases and 11 deaths.

This articles is externally sourced from hte WHO:

WHO supports the immunization of 874 000 people against yellow fever in Nigeria

http://www.who.int/entity/mediacentre/news/releases/2017/immunization-yellowfever-nigeria/en/index.html
https://www.who.int/feeds/entity/hac/en/rss.xml
Emergencies and disasters
Latest news and updates on public health emergencies around the world



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